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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Jun 15;659(2):302-11.

Identification of the product formed by human erythrocyte galactosyltransferase.


Sepharose 4B-immobilized desialylated ovine submaxillary mucin was used as an acceptor for galactose transfer from UDP-galactose, catalyzed by a Triton X-100-solubilized galactosyltransferase from human erythrocyte ghosts. The product could be cleaved from the insoluble acceptor substrate by alkaline borohydride treatment and identified on Bio-Gel P-2 as a disaccharide. The nature of the glycosidic bond of the isolated material was elucidated by periodate oxidation/NaB[3H]4 reduction/acid hydrolysis and subsequent identification of the aminopolyol formed as L-threosaminitol. Specific cleavage of the enzymatic product by beta-galactosidase indicated a beta-configuration for incorporated galactose. These data permit classification of the enzyme as UDP-galactose: alpha-D-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-protein beta (1 leads to 3) transferase. Furthermore, in the presence of Triton X-100, the enzyme from normal erythrocytes catalyzed transfer of galactose to the glycan moieties of asialo-agalacto-glycophorin in Tn-erythrocytes from a patient with permanent mixed-field polyagglutinability.

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