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Surg Clin North Am. 1981 Jun;61(3):593-604.

Parenteral nutrition by peripheral vein.


Peripheral parenteral nutrition can provide perioperative nutritional support to patients with inadequate oral intake in whom total parenteral nutrition with hypertonic dextrose administered by a central vein cannot be undertaken because of sepsis, subclavian vein thrombosis, or lack of expertise and familiarity. Peripheral parenteral nutrition may be indicated in patients with marginal nutritional status whose postoperative course and period of starvation are unpredictable and in patients being started on a total enteral nutrition regimen. In patients with increased requirements because of stress or malnutrition who need full nutritional support by a peripheral method, the lipid system is indicated. In certain instances, large enough volumes can be infused to provide sufficient calories and protein for nutritional repletion. Protein-sparing therapy is indicated for nutritional maintenance in patients who do not clearly require full support by total parenteral nutrition but who are taking insufficient calories and protein orally. Peripheral parenteral nutrition avoids the risks of subclavian vein catheterization but requires that adequate peripheral veins are available. The metabolic complications are minimal compared with those of total parenteral nutrition, and the nutritional management of the diabetic patient is greatly simplified. Several techniques of preserving peripheral veins and prolonging their use have been discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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