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Mutat Res. 1980 Jan;77(1):55-63.

Cytochrome P-450 mediated genetic activity and cytotoxicity of seven halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


Cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, harvested from log-phase cultures, contain cytochrome P-450 and are capable of metabolizing promutagens to genetically active products. The activities of 7 halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons in the yeast system have been investigated. All of the compounds tested (methylene chloride, halothane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene and s-tetrachloroethane) induced mitotic gene convertants and recombinants and, to a lesser extent, gene revertants when incubated with log-phase cells of the yeast strain D7. An examination of the difference spectra observed upon the addition of carbon tetrachloride, halothane and trichloroethylene to whole-cell or microsomal suspensions of yeast suggested that cytochrome P-450 mediated the metabolism of the hydrocarbons tested to cytotoxic and genetically active compounds.

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