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Crit Rev Toxicol. 1982;11(1):1-14.

Passage of chemicals into human and animal semen: mechanisms and significance.


This review will begin with a brief account of the secretory mechanisms operating in the male reproductive tract. The entry of the different chemicals will be dealt with; with separate reference to testicular fluids, epididymal plasma, prostatic and vesicular secretions, and whole semen. Examples will be given of a number of chemical substances capable of passing into the secretions of the male reproductive tract and semen, in man and in animals--antispermatogenic and antiandrogenic agents, industrial chemicals, chemotherapeutic drugs, food additives, etc. The review will end with a critical appraisal of the methods involved and the results obtained from analyses of various chemicals in semen.

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