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Carcinogenesis. 1982;3(11):1277-82.

Evaluation of two suggested methods of deactivating organic carcinogens by molecular modification.


Earlier observations that substitution of the aromatic nucleus of an arylamino/nitro carcinogen with either a sulphonic acid substituent or two methyl groups placed ortho to the nitrogen substituent renders the molecule non-carcinogenic have been extended via studies conducted in vitro. 4-Aminobiphenyl-4'-sulphonic acid has been synthesized and found to be non-mutagenic in the Salmonella mutation assay when tested under conditions where 4-aminobiphenyl was mutagenic. It is concluded that this sulphonic acid derivative may prove non-carcinogenic to rodents. In contrast to the non-carcinogenicity and non-mutagenicity reported for 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine, 3,5-dimethyl-4-aminobiphenyl is approximately as mutagenic as 4-aminobiphenyl. It is therefore concluded that this material is potentially carcinogenic and that the loss of mutagenic activity observed for tetramethylbenzidine may be a structurally specific rather than a general phenomenon. In contrast, 3,5-dimethyl-4-nitrobiphenyl was much less mutagenic than 4-nitrobiphenyl. 9,9'-Bijulolidyl, a derivative of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine, was also found to be non-mutagenic. The general significance of these findings to the employment of structure-activity relationships in the design of non-mutagenic/non-carcinogenic molecules is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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