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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1982 Sep;79(17):5406-10.

Metabolic fuel and amino acid transport into the brain in experimental diabetes mellitus.

Abstract

We used the Oldendorf brain uptake index method to study the blood-brain barrier transport of several metabolic substrates in diabetes. Glucose transport into the brain was decreased by 1/3 in rats with moderate diabetes induced by prior injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg of body weight). The transports of mannose and the poorly metabolized hexoses 2-deoxyglucose and 3-O-methylglucose were similarly reduced. Likewise, brain glucose transport was decreased in rats with alloxan-induced diabetes. These alterations in brain hexose influx appeared to be related to chronic (1-2 days) hyperglycemia rather than to insulin-lack per se. Thus, starvation of the diabetic rats for 48 hr restored both the plasma glucose concentration and brain hexose transport to normal. Conversely, the substitution of 10% sucrose for their drinking water both increased plasma glucose and decreased hexose transport in insulin-treated diabetic rats. The 45% decrease in maximal glucose transport rate observed and the uniformity of diminished hexose transport probably imply a decrease in the number of available high-affinity transport carriers at the blood-brain barrier. This defect was specific for hexoses in that the transports of neutral and basic amino acids and of beta-hydroxybutyrate were not similarly affected. These results suggest that chronic hyperglycemia decreases the number of hexose carrier molecules available at the blood-brain barrier. Such an adaptation could operate to decrease the net flux of glucose into the brain during sustained hyperglycemia. It also may explain the abnormal sensitivity to abrupt blood glucose lowering in patients with diabetes mellitus.

PMID:
6752947
PMCID:
PMC346906
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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