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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1984 Apr;11:189-204.

Biosynthesis of a putative protective Plasmodium knowlesi merozoite antigen.


A putative protective Plasmodium knowlesi antigen, recognized by two monoclonal antibodies which prevent invasion of erythrocytes by merozoites in vitro, is synthesised only by schizonts with 7 or more nuclei, during the last 1.5-2 h of the 24 h erythrocytic cycle of parasite development. The 66 000 MW antigen, which constitutes a minor parasite protein, is processed at the time of schizont rupture and merozoite release, to give rise to two smaller molecules of 44 000 and 42 000 MW. The 44 000 and 42 000 MW antigens and traces of the 66 000 MW antigen are present on the surface of isolated merozoites and the smaller antigens are readily shed. The antigens which are shed are soluble in culture medium and are not readily degraded further. None of the molecules can be detected in newly invaded ring stage parasites, indicating that they are either excluded when the merozoite invades, or if internalised, they rapidly undergo further structural alteration since newly parasitised red cells no longer contain epitopes which react with the inhibitory monoclonal antibodies. This antigen is distinct from other putative protective antigens described in bloodstage malaria parasites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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