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J Neurosci Res. 1984;11(4):383-94.

Biosynthesis of phospholipids and sphingolipids from acetoacetate and glucose in different regions of developing brain in vivo.


The incorporation of 14C-label from subcutaneously injected [3-14C]acetoacetate and [U-14C]glucose into phospholipids and sphingolipids in different regions of developing rat brain was determined. In all regions, phosphatidylcholine was the lipid synthesized most readily from either substrate. The percentages of radioactivity in other phospholipids and most sphingolipids remained relatively constant throughout postnatal development. An exceptional increase in the percentage of radioactivity incorporated into cerebroside, coinciding with a decrease of incorporation into phosphatidylcholine, was first noted on day 12 and continued until a maximal level was reached between days 18 and 20 of postnatal age. These developmental changes in preferential synthesis of lipids were associated with increased demands for phospholipids and cerebroside during the early and late postnatal stages, respectively. There was no difference in accumulation of radioactivity from acetoacetate, expressed as dpm of [14C]acetoacetate recovered in phospholipids plus sphingolipids per g of tissue, among all brain regions during the first 5 days of life. During active myelination (12 to 20 days of age); however, the amount of 14C-label was highest in brain stem, ranging from 1.9- to 2.3-fold greater than values for cerebrum and thalamus. The region with the next highest accumulation was cerebellum, followed by midbrain. During the same period, brain stem was likewise the most active site of accumulation of radioactivity from 14C-labeled glucose. Higher amounts of [14C]acetoacetate label accumulated in lipids of brain stem and cerebellum, relative to midbrain, thalamus, and cerebrum, coincide with evidence that active myelination begins in the hindbrain and proceeds rostrally toward the forebrain. Ketone bodies could therefore serve as a potential source of phospholipids and sphingolipids for brain growth and maturation.

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