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Vision Res. 1984;24(4):385-94.

Binocular contrast summation--II. Quadratic summation.


Quadratic summation is presented as a rule that describes binocular contrast summation. The rule asserts that for left-eye and right-eye contrasts CL and CR, there is an effective binocular contrast C given by the formula: (formula; see text) Pairs of left-eye and right-eye stimuli that produce equal values of C are equivalent. Quadratic summation is applied to the results of experiments in which stimuli presented to the two eyes differ only in contrast. It provides a good, first-order account of binocular summation in contrast detection, contrast discrimination, dichoptic masking, contrast matching and reaction time studies. A binocular energy-detector model is presented as a basis for quadratic summation.

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