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Dev Biol. 1984 Jul;104(1):86-96.

Recognition of extracellular matrix components by neonatal and adult cardiac myocytes.


Recognition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components by isolated cardiac myocytes from neonatal (4-5 days postpartum) and adult rats was determined by measuring cell attachment to substrates made of ECM components. The substrates were petri dishes coated with either fibronectin, laminin, native monomers of collagen types I, II, III, IV, and V, denatured collagen, or gels containing reconstituted collagen fibers. Adult myocytes attached efficiently to laminin and type IV collagen, weakly to fibronectin, but not at all to the other types of collagen. Neonatal myocytes attached well to all types of collagen and to fibronectin and laminin. Antibodies raised against surface membranes of neonatal myocytes, adult myocytes, or adult hepatocytes were assayed for their ability to inhibit cell attachment to the various ECM substrates. Antibodies against the surface of neonatal myocytes as well as antibodies against the hepatocyte cell surface inhibited the attachment of neonatal myocytes and hepatocytes to collagen but not to fibronectin. Antibodies against the adult myocyte cell surface did not inhibit the attachment of neonatal myocytes or hepatocytes to ECM components. These results indicate the presence of binding molecules on the surface of neonatal myocytes that are involved in the recognition of collagen at a time when collagen is being secreted and formed into a three-dimensional network that attaches to the cell surface of the myocytes. This recognition and adhesion to collagen occurs by a mechanism independent of fibronectin. The binding molecules for collagen could not be detected on normal adult myocytes isolated at a time when the formation of the collagen network has already been completed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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