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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1984 Jun 15;74(1):116-24.

Hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen in neonatal and young rats. I. Age-related changes in susceptibility.

Abstract

The susceptibility of neonatal (11 days) and young rats (19 and 33 days) to acetaminophen-induced hepatic necrosis was examined. Acetaminophen-induced lethality (LD50) was slightly lower in 19-day-old animals (840 mg/kg) compared to 11- and 33-day-old animals (1220 and 1580 mg/kg, respectively). A toxic dose of the drug ( LD20 ) produced elevated serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase and lactate dehydrogenase activities 20-24 hr after drug administration only in 19- and 33-day-old animals. Serum enzyme elevation was not observed after a toxic dose of acetaminophen ( LD20 or LD50) in 11-day-old rats. Histological evaluation showed that both 19- and 33-day-old rats developed extensive hepatic centrilobular damage, whereas morphological parameters in 11-day-old animals given acetaminophen were not different from controls. It appears that high doses of acetaminophen are lethal to young rats, but that 11-day-old animals are different from 19-day-old and older rats in that the neonatal animals lack susceptibility to the hepatotoxic effects of the drug. Lower susceptibility of the neonatal rat liver to the hepatic effects of two other hepatotoxicants (bromobenzene and tannic acid) was also observed.

PMID:
6729816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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