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J Steroid Biochem. 1984 May;20(5):1175-9.

Distribution of estrone sulfatase activity in the intestine of germfree and conventional rats.


The intestinal content, the mucosa and the rest of the intestinal wall of germfree (GF) and conventional ( CVL ) rats were tested for in vitro hydrolysis of [3H]estrone sulfate. In homogenates from GF rat intestine some estrone sulfate hydrolysis was detected in those from the proximal small intestine (PSI) (4.2 +/- 0.1% hydrolyzed after 4 h), but not in those from the distal small intestine (DSI) and the caecum. Estrone sulfate was also hydrolyzed by the homogenates of the mucosa and the rest of the intestinal wall from each of the segments tested (PSI: 12.8 +/- 0.4% (mucosa) and 21.5 +/- 2.1 (wall); DSI: 8.2 +/- 0.9% (mucosa) and 17.3 +/- 1.7% (wall); caecum: 8.8 +/- 1.6% (mucosa) and 17.3 +/- 0.5% (wall) ). In the homogenates of CVL rat intestine, the estrone sulfatase activity in the rest of the intestinal wall did not differ considerably from the values for GF rats, when expressed per mg protein of the homogenate. The mucosa of the CVL rats, however, showed higher rates of hydrolysis than the mucosa of the GF rats. The microbial estrone sulfatase activity in the intestinal content of CVL rats, tested by anaerobic incubation, was high in the caecum (91.7 +/- 6.6% after 4 h), but very low in the PSI (2.2 +/- 0.7%) and DSI (1.3 +/- 0.5%). Serial dilutions of the caecal content also showed higher viable numbers of estrone sulfate hydrolyzing bacteria. These results add further weight to the suggestion that estrone sulfate may be absorbed from the small intestine, but has to be hydrolyzed in the caecum by the gut microflora prior to absorption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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