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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1984 May;35(5):585-93.

Disposition of and clinical response to salicylates in patients with rheumatoid disease.


The disposition of salicylic acid (SA) and its metabolites and the clinical response to long-term aspirin treatment at varying doses were assessed in patients with rheumatoid disease. Steady-state kinetics of SA (total and unbound), salicyluric acid (SUA), gentisic acid (GA), and clinical status were estimated weekly in 10 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Eight received a soluble aspirin form and two received an enteric-coated form. The starting dose of aspirin in each patient was 1.8 gm (soluble) or 1.95 gm (enteric-coated) daily. Weekly increments in dose were made until a satisfactory clinical outcome was achieved. The final aspirin dose range was 3.6 to 8.1 gm daily, which resulted in mean steady-state plasma SA concentrations (CpSA) from 56 to 375 mg/l. Since the mean total CpSA increased approximately proportionately over the dose range, there was little change in total SA clearance. By contrast, increasing aspirin dosage resulted in decreased clearance and disproportionate increases in unbound SA (CpuSA). The maximum velocity of conversion of SA to SUA (Vm) increased significantly, from 57.3 +/- 11.7 mg/hr at an aspirin dose of 1.8 gm/day to 71.4 +/- 19.4 mg/hr at the next highest dose (2.7 to 3.6 gm/day), with no further change with increasing dosage. Km ranged from 0.4 to 1.2 mg/l for CpuSA and from 5.5 to 17.2 for total CpSA. Renal clearance of SUA (ClSUA) ranged from 124 to 893 ml/min and correlated with creatinine clearance. ClGA ranged from 23 to 164 ml/min, and ClSA ranged from 0.1 to 17.1 ml/min; neither correlated with creatinine clearance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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