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J Neurosurg. 1984 Apr;60(4):777-85.

Somatosensory evoked potentials during spinal angiography and therapeutic transvascular embolization.


Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP's) were monitored during 42 angiographic examinations and 33 therapeutic embolization procedures in 41 patients. The SEP amplitude decreased in 36 of the 42 angiographic techniques, but recovered to baseline within 2 to 4 minutes in all but one case. Angiographic opacification of the anterior spinal artery reduced SEP amplitude in all but two patients, who had lost their proprioceptive sense and had no recognizable SEP prior to the procedure. No neurological complications resulted from any of the angiography procedures. Of the 33 embolizations, 15 were performed in 12 patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) and 18 in 17 patients with spinal canal tumors. There was only one complication associated with embolization: that occurred in a patient with an intramedullary spinal cord AVM. Monitoring SEP amplitude in this series of patients provided a means of rapidly and reliably identifying the anterior spinal artery, served to assess the potential risk of contemplated steps in embolization, and aided in the execution of the angiographic procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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