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Hum Genet. 1977 Apr 15;36(2):167-72.

DIPI and DAPI: fluorescence banding with only negliglible fading.


DIPI and DAPI produce distinct fluorescent bands in human chromosomes similar to quinacrine banding patterns. Additionally, the AT rich secondary constrictions in the chromosomes Nos. 1, 9 and 16 are brightly fluorescent. On the other hand the brilliantly fluorescent regions after staining with quinacrine mustard in the chromosomes Nos. 3 and 4, satellites and some other regions in the acrocentric chromosomes are less striking. The distal part of the Y, however, is clearly discernible. Thus DIPI and DAPI seem to be strictly AT specific fluorochromes like Hoechst 33258. In interphase nuclei the Y chromosome can be identified. However, quinacrines are superior for Y-body analysis in buccal, hair cell and sperm smears. BrdU labeled chromatids show reduced fluorescence intensity. The difference, however, is less apparent than after staining with Hoechst 33 258. DAPI and especially DIPI are highly resistant to UV-irradiation; there is almost no fading within 30 min when using DIPI. Moreover, fluorescence intensity is stronger than in quinicrines. When photographing, exposure times may be reduced to about one quarter compared to quinacrine mustard.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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