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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1984 Mar;10(3):401-9.

Patterns of care outcome studies: results of the national practice in adenocarcinoma of the prostate.


The Patterns of Care Study reviewed the processes and outcome of 682 patients with carcinoma of the prostate treated with radiation therapy from 1973-1976. The study and patient sampling were designed to reflect a valid representation of how prostate cancer is treated by radiation oncologists in the United States. The outcome results represent national benchmarks. The three year actuarial survival was 91% for Stage A, 88% for Stage B, and 76% for Stage C. The three year relapse free survival rate was 85% for Stage A, 77% for Stage B, and 59% for Stage C. The infield recurrence rates were: Stage A--4%, Stage B--9%, and Stage C--20%. Stage, grade, elevated serum acid phosphatase, Karnofsky performance status, previous hormonal therapy, age, and prior transurethral resection were identified by multivariate regression analysis to be important independent prognostic variables. Local control was related to the dose of the primary site, paraprostatic region, and pelvic sidewall. Local control was significantly improved if the facility's best treatment equipment was a linear accelerator. Major complications occurred in 9% of patients with Stage A, 2% of Stage B, and 6% with Stage C disease. Complications were related to dose and treatment technique. The Patterns of Care Process Survey identified that only 60% of patients surveyed had the necessary pretreatment evaluation studies required for best current management of adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Variance occurred within each stratum of facilities sampled. Strict attention to the details of evaluation of therapy will help to enhance the delivery of optimal radiation therapy in the management of patients with carcinoma of the prostate.

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