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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1984 Feb 15;229(1):220-5.

Excitation of micelle-solubilized chlorophyll during the peroxidase-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of isonicotinic acid hydrazide.


Addition of micelle (hexadecyl-trimethylammoniumbromide)-solubilized chlorophyll alpha to the isoniazid/peroxidase/Mn2+/O2 system promotes light emission, identified as chlorophyll fluorescence. Based on O2 consumption, the quantum yield of chlorophyll excitation to the S1 state exceeds 6 X 10(-6). At least part of the excitation has its origin in the conversion of an intermediate--presumably a diazene--to pyridine-4-carboxaldehyde. On the basis of the present and earlier results [K. Zinner, C. C. C. Vidigal, N. DurĂ¡n, and G. Cilento (1977) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 180, 452-458], it is inferred that isoniazid, an important chemotherapeutic and also a carcinogenic agent, can lead to a substantial generation of electronically excited states.

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