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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1984 Feb;23(2):87-90.

Oral rehydration therapy of severe diarrheal dehydration.


In 1980, 104 infants with seven to 15 percent dehydration due to severe diarrhea and vomiting were hospitalized in Tehran and treated in two separate phases, deficit therapy and maintenance therapy, using two isotonic oral solutions. For deficit therapy, solution A (sodium 80, potassium 20 mmol/l) was administered at a rate of 40 ml/kg per hour until all signs of dehydration disappeared. For maintenance therapy, solution B (sodium 40, potassium 30 mmol/l) was given sip by sip at a rate of about 250 ml/kg per 24 hours until diarrhea stopped. Intravenous fluids were not used, even in severe dehydration and shock. The efficacy and safety of this regimen were confirmed by rapid and successful rehydration and correction of electrolyte abnormalities present on admission.

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