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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1984 Feb;23(2):71-5.

Pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation. A review of 130 cases.


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) records of 130 pediatric patients with cardiac arrest were reviewed. Ninety-six resuscitations were performed on patients hospitalized on the Medical and Surgical units of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (HP) and 34 on Emergency Department patients (EDPs). In HP, initial survival was 90%. In 27% of HPs, airway and breathing techniques alone were life saving. A mean of 2.45 drugs per patient were used for HP. In EDP, initial survival was 56%. There had been advanced CPR during the prehospital transport phase for the EDPs. All but two EDPs required drug management. The mean was 4.25 drugs per patient. Lidocaine and direct current defibrillation were used only rarely. Glucose was used frequently (33%) and should be considered in the list of essential resuscitation drugs. The necessity for resuscitation was most commonly associated with pulmonary diseases. These findings reflect differences between pediatric CPR and adult CPR, and suggest limitations in applying adult standards to infants and children. It is suggested that the medical community develop separate pediatric CPR courses as independent modules for those who assume responsibility for resuscitating children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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