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Biochemistry. 1984 Jan 3;23(1):54-62.

Bromination stabilizes poly(dG-dC) in the Z-DNA form under low-salt conditions.

Abstract

Using circular dichroism studies, Pohl & Jovin (1972) [Pohl, F.M., & Jovin, T.M. (1972) J. Mol. Biol. 67, 375-396] demonstrated that poly(dG-dC) undergoes a salt-dependent conformational change characterized by a spectral inversion. The low-salt form corresponds to the right-handed B form of DNA and the high-salt form to the left-handed Z-DNA helix. Modification of poly(dG-dC) by adding bromine atoms to the C8 position of guanine and the C5 position of cytosine residues stabilized this polymer in the Z-DNA form under low-salt conditions. The guanine residues were found to be twice as reactive as the cytosine residues. With a modification of 38% Br8G and 18% Br5C, the polymers formed a stable Z-DNA helix under physiological conditions. The bromination produced spectroscopic features very similar to poly(dG-dC) in 4 M NaCl. However, bromination did not freeze the Z structure as was shown by ethidium bromide intercalation studies. Addition of the dye favored an intercalated B-DNA form. The conversion of B- to Z-DNA leads to profound conformational changes which were also seen by a reduced insensitivity to various exo- and endonucleases. Comparative studies showed that the brominated polymers have a high affinity to nitrocellulose filters. In 1 M NaCl, there was virtually no binding of B-DNA, but a substantial binding of Z-DNA was found even at rather low levels of bromination.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
6691966
DOI:
10.1021/bi00296a009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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