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Biochemistry. 1983 Oct 25;22(22):5213-23.

Nucleotide sequences of complementary deoxyribonucleic acids for the pro alpha 1 chain of human type I procollagen. Statistical evaluation of structures that are conserved during evolution.

Abstract

Nucleotide sequences were determined for two cloned cDNAs encoding for over three-fourths of the pro alpha 1 (I) chain of type I procollagen from man. Comparison with previously published data on amino acid sequences of the alpha 1 (I) chain of type I collagen made it possible to examine mutations in the transcribed products of the gene which have occurred during the evolution of man, calf, rat, mouse, and chick. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences with the corresponding sequences of cDNAs from chick [Fuller, F., & Boedtker, H. (1981) Biochemistry 20, 996] and with cDNAs for the pro alpha 2(I) chain from man [Bernard, M.P., Myers, J. C., Chu, M.-L., Ramirez, F., Eikenberry, E. F., & Prockop, D. J. (1983) Biochemistry 22, 1139] demonstrated that selective pressure during evolution for 250 million or more years acted more strongly on the structure of the pro alpha 1 (I) chain than on the pro alpha 2(I) chain. To improve the reliability of the comparison, the nucleotide sequences were examined with a modification of previous procedures for evaluating mutations in replacement sites and silent sites. The corrected divergence for replacement sites between the alpha 1 (I) chains was 6 +/- 0.8% whereas it was 15 +/- 1.9% for the alpha 2(I) chains. The C-propeptide domain of the pro alpha 1 (I) chain was also highly conserved with a corrected divergence at replacement sites of 5 +/- 0.9%, a value that was not distinguishable from the value previously found for the C-propeptide of the pro alpha 2(I) chain. Therefore, a large part of the structure of both C-propeptides appears to be under selective pressure. Inspection of changes in the C-propeptide of the pro alpha 1 (I) chain suggested that there was a highly conserved region around the carbohydrate attachment site similar to the highly conserved region of 37 amino acids previously found in the C-propeptide of the pro alpha 2(I) chain. Two statistical tests, however, were unable to confirm nonrandom distribution of changes in the C-propeptide of the pro alpha 1(I) chain. The same tests established the presence of a nonrandom distribution in nucleotide changes of the C-propeptide of the pro alpha 2(I) chain. The 3'-noncoding region of the cDNA for pro alpha 1(I) of human type I procollagen showed no homology with the same region in the chick.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
6689127
DOI:
10.1021/bi00291a023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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