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Neurology. 1983 May;33(5):559-66.

Regional cerebral blood flow in the beagle puppy model of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage: studies during systemic hypertension.


The newborn beagle puppy serves as an animal model for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) of the premature infant. Since increased systemic blood pressure has been implicated in the genesis of IVH in both babies and puppies, we studied regional cerebral blood flow in control and hypertensive puppies. Hypertension significantly increased blood flow to all structures. The largest increases occurred in gray matter, especially deep cerebral and brainstem nuclei. Blood flow also increased to deep hemispheric white matter, but the magnitude of the increase was smaller. Hypertension also increased blood flow to the subependymal germinal matrix (GM). The magnitude of the increase to most of the GM was small and similar to deep hemispheric white matter. The increase to the most rostral GM was higher and equal to the mean increase seen in gray matter. This rostral-caudal gradient of hypertension-induced hyperperfusion may explain the tendency for IVH to occur in rostral GM in premature babies. However, the failure to find a disproportionate increase in blood flow to GM during hypertension implies that additional factors besides hypertension-induced GM hyperperfusion may be involved in the pathogenesis of IVH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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