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Carbohydr Res. 1983 Dec 23;124(2):235-45.

Structural determination of the capsular polysaccharide of Streptococcus pneumoniae type 19A (57).


The structure of the Pneumococcus type 19A (57) capsular polysaccharide has been reinvestigated by using methylation analysis and n.m.r. spectroscopy. It is composed of residues of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-mannose, D-glucose, L-rhamnose, and phosphate in the molar ratios of 1:1:1:1. The polysaccharide is linear, and is composed of these components in a repeating unit of the following structure. ---- 4)-beta-D-ManpNAc-(1 ---- 4)-alpha-D-Glcp-(1 ---- 3)-alpha-L- Rhap-(1-PO4-) ---- The type 19A polysaccharide (Na+ salt) was depolymerized by heating it in water at 100 degrees, conditions that also hydrolyzed the newly formed phosphoric monoesters.

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