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J Pharmacokinet Biopharm. 1983 Oct;11(5):515-27.

Clearance studies of methotrexate and 7-hydroxy-methotrexate in rabbits after multiple-dose infusion.


The concentration-dependent clearance of methotrexate (MTX) and its metabolite, 7-hydroxy-methotrexate (7-OH-MTX), was demonstrated in 5 rabbits using 7 infusion rates (10.5-323 mg/hr). Mean total body clearance (from 34.3 to 13.1 ml/min) and mean renal clearance (from 25.6 to 7.6 ml/min) of MTX were found to decrease with increasing steady-state plasma concentrations (from 5.1 to 412 micrograms/ml), whereas nonrenal clearances remained relatively constant. An essentially steady-state plasma level of 7-OH-MTX was achieved during each MTX infusion, and its renal clearance also decreased (from 37.3 to 6.5 ml/min) with increasing metabolite levels (from 1.8 to 293 micrograms/ml). Saturable renal tubular secretion appeared operative for both drug and metabolite since their renal clearance (based on the free drug) to inulin clearance ratios were much greater than unity and the ratios were markedly reduced in 2 rabbits after probenecid treatment. Plasma protein binding of MTX (56%) and 7-OH-MTX (49%) were independent of concentrations between 0.1 and 300 micrograms/ml. Negligible MTX metabolism was found in rabbit kidney homogenates, thus validating renal clearance measurement in the present study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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