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Brain Res. 1983 Dec;313(1):7-18.

Perinatal development of estrogen receptors in mouse brain assessed by radioautography, nuclear isolation and receptor assay.


The development of estrogen receptors was investigated in vivo in the brains of fetal and neonatal mice 2 h after administering [3H]moxestrol to the pregnant mothers or neonates. Moxestrol bypasses the alpha-fetoprotein 'protective barrier' and gains access to estrogen receptors. Analysis of [3H]moxestrol uptake by radioautography and by cell nuclear isolation and counting of radioactivity revealed a marked increase in the number of estrogen receptors and estrophilic cells in the brain during late fetal and early postnatal development. Assays of cytosol estrogen receptors were conducted in parallel and revealed a comparable pattern of development. The increase in estrogen receptors and labeling was especially great from embryonic day (E) 15 to E18. Cytosol assays revealed a low level of receptors in the whole brain on E13. Radioautography revealed that clearly labeled cells in the hypothalamus and preoptic area were virtually absent on E13 but were evident on E15, with marked increases occurring between E15 and E18, both in number of labeled cells and in intensity of labeling per cell. Within the cerebral cortex the dorsal cingulate cortex was the most extensively labeled area; however, clearcut labeling was not evident on E13 or E15. Thus, the development of cortical estrogen receptors occurs somewhat later than that in the hypothalamus and preoptic area. The perinatal increase in estrogen receptors usually begins several days after the birthdates of neurons in these estrophilic regions of the brain, and corresponds to the early responsiveness of these neurons to the organizational and activational influences of estrogen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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