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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1983 Dec 16;117(2):367-71.

Identification of dichloromethyl carbene as a metabolite of carbon tetrachloride.

Abstract

Although indirect evidence has suggested that liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 can reductively dehalogenate several compounds to carbene metabolites, there has been no direct proof for the formation of these reactive species. We report in this paper that carbenes can be chemically trapped and identified as metabolites. For example, 1,1-dichloro-2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropane was identified as a metabolite by gas chromatography mass spectrometry when carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) was incubated anaerobically with rat liver microsomes, NADPH and 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene. The reaction required NADPH and was inhibited by carbon monoxide. These findings show that cytochrome P-450 in rat liver microsomes can reductively metabolize CCl4 to dichloromethyl carbene (:CCl2) which can be trapped with 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene to form 1,1-dichloro-2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropane. A similar approach may be used for the identification of carbene metabolites of other compounds.

PMID:
6661232
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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