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Dev Biol. 1983 Dec;100(2):478-88.

Regenerating adult chicken skeletal muscle and satellite cell cultures express embryonic patterns of myosin and tropomyosin isoforms.


Regenerating areas of adult chicken fast muscle (pectoralis major) and slow muscle (anterior latissimus dorsi) were examined in order to determine synthesis patterns of myosin light chains, heavy chains and tropomyosin. In addition, these patterns were also examined in muscle cultures derived from satellite cells of adult fast and slow muscle. One week after cold-injury the regenerating fast muscle showed a pattern of synthesis that was predominately embryonic. These muscles synthesized the embryonic myosin heavy chain, beta-tropomyosin and reduced amounts of myosin fast light chain-3 which are characteristic of embryonic fast muscle but synthesized very little myosin slow light chains. The regenerating slow muscle, however, showed a nearly complete array of embryonic peptides including embryonic myosin heavy chain, fast and slow myosin light chains and both alpha-fast and slow tropomyosins. Peptide map analysis of the embryonic myosin heavy chains synthesized by regenerating fast and slow muscles showed them to be identical. Thus, in both muscles there is a return to embryonic patterns during regeneration but this return appears to be incomplete in the pectoralis major. By 4 weeks postinjury both regenerating fast and slow muscles had stopped synthesizing embryonic isoforms of myosin and tropomyosin and had returned to a normal adult pattern of synthesis. Adult fast and slow muscles yielded a satellite cell population that formed muscle fibers in culture. Fibers derived from either population synthesized the embryonic myosin heavy chain in addition to alpha-fast and beta-tropomyosin. Thus, muscle fibers derived in culture from satellite cells of fast and slow muscles synthesized a predominately embryonic pattern of myosin heavy chains and tropomyosin. In addition, however, the satellite cell-derived myotubes from fast muscle synthesized only fast myosin light chains while the myotubes derived from slow muscle satellite cells synthesized both fast and slow myosin light chains. Thus, while both kinds of satellite cells produced embryonic type myotubes in culture the overall patterns were not identical. Satellite cells of fast and slow muscle appear therefore to have diverged from each other in their commitment during maturation in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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