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Exp Cell Res. 1983 Nov;149(1):27-35.

Effect of carboxylic ionophores on lysosomal protein degradation in rat hepatocytes.


Three different carboxylic ionophores (monensin, nigericin and lasalocid) were each found capable of causing a relatively complete block of the lysosomal (i.e., methylamine-sensitive) protein degradation in isolated rat hepatocytes. Monensin was found to be the most specific in action, as it had no effect on non-lysosomal degradation and did not bring about any substantial inhibition of protein synthesis. Morphometric examination of electron micrographs revealed that monensin causes an accumulation of early forms of autophagic vacuoles and blocks the swelling of lysosomes seen in the presence of methylamine. The results indicate that monensin inhibits lysosomal protein degradation by affecting lysosomal pH.

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