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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1983 Oct 1;226(1):252-6.

De novo synthesis of DNA in human platelets.


Platelets, incubated with radiolabeled thymidine and purified free of contaminating nucleated cells, were analyzed for their ability to synthesize DNA. The only DNA species isolated from these purified platelets was mitochondrial DNA. The CsCl gradient-purified platelet DNA was treated with the restriction endonucleases EcoRI, HindIII and HpaI yielding the expected pattern for human mitochondrial DNA. Nitrocellulose blots of the electrophoresed, restriction endonuclease-treated DNA were fluorographed. All of the DNA fragments generated by the restriction enzymes were labeled, indicating de novo synthesis. This was further substantiated by inhibition of DNA synthesis by ethidium bromide and 2',3'-dideoxythymidine. Platelet DNA appeared to become greatly fragmented after 4 to 7 days storage while all of the thymidine incorporated was observed in intact mitochondrial DNA. These results indicate a continuous degradation of platelet mitochondrial DNA with no apparent repair mechanism. The ability of platelets to synthesize DNA may be associated with the protein synthetic capacity of platelets previously described.

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