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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1983 Nov 15;147(6):623-6.

Prevention of acute pelvic inflammatory disease after hysterosalpingography: efficacy of doxycycline prophylaxis.


In an attempt to minimize the infectious morbidity of hysterosalpingography, the efficacy of oral doxycycline prophylaxis was examined. The records and hysterosalpingograms of 278 consecutive women (group 1) were reviewed to correlate the radiologic findings and the development of acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) after hysterosalpingography. Four women (1.4%) developed PID and all four had tubal dilatation. The overall frequency of PID in women with dilated tubes was 4/35 (11%). Subsequently, 56 of 326 women (group 2) with tubal dilatation received oral doxycycline prophylaxis. No cases of PID were observed in the 56 women who had antibiotic prophylaxis (p less than 0.02) or in group 2 as a whole. The study suggests that the risk of infection after hysterosalpingography is very low when nondilated tubes are present (0/398 women of groups 1 and 2). The relative risk of PID in women with peritubal disease or proximal tubal occlusion, although apparently low, remains to be determined. Furthermore, in the highest-risk group of women with dilated tubes, doxycycline prophylaxis was effective in reducing infection after hysterosalpingography.

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