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J Protozool. 1983 May;30(2):387-91.

Comparison of Naegleria fowleri and Naegleria gruberi cultivated in the same nutrient medium.


The human pathogenic amoeboflagellate Naegleria fowleri and the nonpathogenic species N. gruberi can be cultivated axenically but usually in different media. Naegleria fowleri 6088 has been adapted to grow in Balamuth H-4 medium, usually used to propagate N. gruberi nB81, and nB81 has been adapted to grow in supplemented Nelson's medium, usually used to propagate N. fowleri. N. gruberi nB81, grown in either medium, enflagellated 135 to 150 min after subculture to non-nutrient amoeba saline, whereas 6088 required 225 min. Naegleria gruberi nB81 grown in either medium was agglutinated by 100 micrograms concanavalin A/ml, whereas N. fowleri 6088 was not. Naegleria fowleri and N. gruberi grown in Nelson's medium became rounded to a greater extent upon chilling at 5 degrees C and remained rounded longer than Naegleria grown in Balamuth medium. The specificity of the surface antigens was an inherent characteristic of each species and not dependent upon the propagating medium, but Naegleria grown in Nelson's medium was agglutinated more reproducibly and more effectively by antiserum. N. gruberi was somewhat more resistant to acriflavine, actinomycin D, cycloheximide, or tetracycline than N. fowleri, regardless of the culture medium. Naegleria fowleri 6088 grown in Nelson's medium, however, was more resistant to actinomycin D, daunomycin, mithramycin, sulfamethoxazole, or tyrocidine than 6088 grown in Balamuth medium. There are limitations on the validity of comparisons of N. fowleri and N. gruberi based upon cultures grown in different media.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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