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J Physiol. 1983 Sep;342:145-59.

Inhibition of dorsal spinocerebellar tract cells by interneurones in upper and lower lumbar segments in the cat.


The topographical distribution of interneurones mediating disynaptic inhibition of dorsal spinocerebellar tract (d.s.c.t.) cells from group I muscle afferents in the cat was investigated using both physiological and morphological techniques. Lesions of either the dorsal funiculi or of the lateral and ventral funiculi were made between L4 and L5 segments in two groups of cats. I.p.s.p.s. evoked from group I afferents were seen after both these lesions, showing that the i.p.s.p.s were evoked by interneurones located more caudally as well as by interneurones in the same segments as Clarke's column. Distribution of the caudally located interneurones in the lower lumbar segments was investigated after marking these interneurones with horseradish peroxidase retrogradely transported from Clarke's column. The horseradish peroxidase was injected along L3-L4 segments of Clarke's column in two cats with transected dorsal funiculi. The marked cells were found in L5, L6, L7 and S1 segments, with a highest density in L6 and L7. They were seen in laminae V, VI and VII. A search was made for interneurones which could be antidromically invaded following stimuli applied in Clarke's column and were monosynaptically excited by group I afferents. Such interneurones were found at locations corresponding to laminae V-VI of Rexed. The latencies of antidromic and orthodromic responses were within ranges allowing them to mediate disynaptic inhibition of d.s.c.t. cells.

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