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Biochem Pharmacol. 1983 Sep 1;32(17):2529-34.

Identification and quantitation of glutathione in hepatic protein mixed disulfides and its relationship to glutathione disulfide.


The amount of glutathione present in hepatic protein mixed disulfides was determined to be 20-30 nmole/g liver. This was established using two specific enzymatic methods: (a) the coupled assay with DTNB and glutathione (GSSG) reductase and (b) a newly developed test using GSH transferase and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene for the estimation of GSH released from proteins after borohydride treatment; further, these results were confirmed by HPLC analysis. Thus, authentic glutathione makes up only 2-6% of the value for total protein mixed disulfides. The latter were determined with the generally employed o-phthalaldehyde assay, which is not necessarily specific for GSH. The amount of glutathione mixed disulfides depends linearly on the content of glutathione disulfide in the liver cell in the range studied. By increasing the GSSG levels from 20 to about 60 nmole/g liver with paraquat, nitrofurantoin or t-butyl hydroperoxide, glutathione protein mixed disulfides are increased by a similar amount.

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