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Eur J Immunol. 1984 Jun;14(6):518-23.

Both Fc receptors and lymphocyte-function-associated antigen 1 on human T gamma lymphocytes are required for antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (killer cell activity).


A monoclonal antibody, designated CLB-LFA-1/1, directed to the human lymphocyte-function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) was raised by immunization of mice with the peripheral blood lymphocytes of a T gamma lymphocytosis patient. The monoclonal antibody was selected by inhibition of the natural killer cell and the antibody-dependent killer cell activity of the patient's T gamma lymphocytes. In addition, the monoclonal antibody was shown to inhibit the cytotoxic activity of T cell clones specific for either class I or class II HLA molecules. The antigen recognized by CLB-LFA-1/1 consisted of three polypeptide chains with molecular weights of 180 000 (alpha), 155 000 and 94 000 (beta). The antibody reacted with T cells, B cells, monocytes and granulocytes, and stained normal T gamma cells and T gamma cells of patients with T gamma lymphocytosis two- to threefold stronger than normal T cells. It was shown that LFA-1 and the Fc receptor on T gamma cells did not comodulate and it is therefore concluded that Fc receptors and LFA-1 are independent membrane structures, both required for the killer cell activity of T gamma cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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