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Biochemistry. 1984 Apr 10;23(8):1796-801.

Studies on the polyglutamate specificity of methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase from pig liver.

Abstract

Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, which is one of the activities of a trifunctional folate-dependent enzyme isolated from pig liver, displays an ordered bi-bi kinetic mechanism when methylenetetrahydropteroylmonoglutamate is used as the folate substrate [Cohen, L., & MacKenzie, R. E. (1978) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 522, 311-317]. We have studied the inhibition of this activity by a series of pteroylglutamates containing one to seven glutamyl residues. Inhibitors with one to four glutamyl residues exhibit a kinetically determined KD of about 56 microM for binding at the folate site of the enzyme, while inhibitors with five to seven glutamyl residues exhibit a KD of about 16 microM. These results suggest that folylpolyglutamates are bound to the trifunctional enzyme relatively weakly, with the major interaction involving the fifth glutamyl residue of the polyglutamate "tail". A free energy decrease of about 0.74 kcal (3.1 kJ) is associated with this interaction. The possibility of a swinging arm mechanism for the trifunctional enzyme is discussed. We have also measured the kinetic parameters Vmax and the Km values for NADP+ and the folate substrate associated with catalysis using a series of methylenetetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate substrates. The variation in these parameters with the length of the polyglutamate tail is small.

PMID:
6609718
DOI:
10.1021/bi00303a033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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