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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1983 Jul;86(1):57-60.

Diagnosis and management of the hypothyroid patient with chest pain.

Abstract

A retrospective analysis of 38 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization with the diagnoses of hypothyroidism and chest pain revealed 23 to be euthyroid while receiving replacement therapy and 15 to be hypothyroid. Cardiac index was significantly reduced (p less than 0.01) in hypothyroid and euthyroid patients with thyroxine values between 4 and 7 micrograms/dl (2.8 +/- 0.7 and 3.0 +/- 0.9 L/min/m2, respectively), compared to euthyroid patients with thyroxine values greater than 7 micrograms/dl with or without coronary artery disease (4.0 +/- 1.2 and 4.0 +/- 0.7 L/min/m2, respectively). Ten hypothyroid patients underwent coronary artery bypass. There were no deaths, and only one patient required prolonged postoperative intubation. With a mean follow-up of 36 months, there have been no myocardial infarctions and one late death, which occurred at 7 years secondary to stroke. We conclude that preoperative thyroid replacement therapy is theoretically dangerous and may not significantly improve hemodynamics until full replacement is achieved. Coronary bypass grafting can be performed safely despite hypothyroidism with excellent early results.

PMID:
6602915
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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