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Mol Biol Evol. 1984 Jul;1(4):302-16.

Rabbit globin pseudogene psi beta 2 is a hybrid of delta- and beta-globin gene sequences.

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Althouse Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802.


The evolutionary history of the rabbit globin pseudogene psi beta 2 was studied by completing its nucleotide sequence and aligning the sequence with that of the rabbit adult globin gene beta 1 and the human minor adult globin gene delta. The 5' flanking region and exon 1 of psi beta 2 were most similar to rabbit beta 1, but the large intervening sequence and the 3' untranslated region were most similar to human delta. Intron 1 and exon 2 were equally similar to both delta and beta 1. This pattern indicates that psi beta 2 was originally a delta-like gene that acquired the 5' portion of gene beta 1 by intrachromosomal gene conversion. The presence of a delta-globin gene sequence in both rabbits and humans shows that it is an ancient gene, predating the mammalian radiation that occurred over 85 Myr ago. Delta has shown a pronounced tendency to be altered in its 5' end during the course of mammalian evolution. Quantitative divergence analysis shows that the ancestor to rabbit psi beta 2 was active until 20-30 Myr ago, during which time the lagomorph beta-globin gene family apparently functioned without a pseudogene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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