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N Z Med J. 1984 Apr 11;97(753):216-9.

Goitre and thyroid dysfunction during chronic amiodarone treatment.


We measured thyroid function in a cross-sectional survey of 37 unselected patients receiving chronic amiodarone treatment. Palpable goitre was presented in 17 patients and was a new finding in ten. Despite frequent elevations of serum free T4 (67%) or free T4 index (43%), all 37 patients were clinically euthyroid with a normal or decreased serum free T3 or free T3 index. Mean urine iodide/creatinine excretion was increased 13-fold. Three patterns of thyroid function were seen; in 21 patients with normal TRH responses, the mean basal serum TSH was significantly elevated. Five patients had biochemical hypothyroidism which did not require treatment. Eleven patients had evidence of thyroid autonomy and the three patients with absent TRH responses each gave a past history of goitre or thyrotoxicosis; a trial of carbimazole treatment in these three was without clinical benefit. The observed spectrum of subclinical goitre and thyroid dysfunction may result from an unpredictable thyroid response to excessive free iodide combined with a weak goitrogenic effect of amiodarone mediated by increased TSH secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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