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Am J Orthod. 1983 Sep;84(3):183-90.

The effect of extraction and orthodontic treatment on dentoalveolar support.


Full-mouth radiographs of ninety-six patients treated by extraction of four first premolars were taken at least 10 years postextraction. Three groups were established: one with extensive crowding in the full permanent dentition treated by extraction and fixed appliance therapy; one treated by serial extraction and fixed appliance therapy; and one treated by serial extraction only. Measurements of tooth length and alveolar bone height were made from the projected radiographs, and buccolingual socket areas were measured from direct tracings of the radiographs. Comparison between groups revealed reduced mean radiographic tooth lengths for incisors and mandibular molars in the orthodontically treated groups. The incidence of root resorption was similar for both treated groups. Reduced alveolar bone heights were noted in the extraction sites of the two orthodontically treated groups but not in the group treated by serial extraction only. Most reduction in long-term dentoalveolar support occurred as a result of root resorption except in the extraction sites, where it occurred largely as a result of bone loss. Root parallelism did not appear to influence proximal bone heights at the extraction site. In malocclusions involving arch length deficiency, maximally displaced canines had reduced long-term proximal bone compared to nondisplaced canines, supporting the concept of encouraging autonomous distal eruption through serial extraction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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