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Am Heart J. 1978 Jul;96(1):81-6.

Effects of verapamil on ventricular rhythm during acute coronary occlusion.


The effects of verapamil on electrophysiologic parameters of the ventricle were studied during acute coronary occlusion in anesthetized open-chest dogs. Those parameters measured in the study were idioventricular automaticity, ventricular conduction, and fibrillation threshold. The incidence of rapidly repetitive beats and fibrillation induced by two successive premature beats was also studied. Verapamil significantly decreased idioventricular automaticity (in five dogs), improved conduction through the ischemic area (in six dogs), and increased fibrillation threshold of the ischemic ventricular (in eight dogs). The drug was effective in abolishing rapidly repetitive beats and fibrillation induced by closely coupled premature beats during acute coronary occlusion. Rapidly repetitive beats occurred in nine out of 15 dogs and these repetitive beats were degenerated into fibrillation in seven dogs before verapamil. Following pretreatment with the drug, rapidly repetitive beats and fibrillation occurred in none of the 15 dogs. The results indicate that verapamil can be very effective against ventricular arrhythmias occurring in association with myocardial infarction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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