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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Sep 12;795(2):384-91.

Biosynthesis of 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin E1 and F1 alpha from 5,6-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid by ram seminal vesicles.


cis-5(6)Epoxy-cis-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid was recently found to be metabolized by ram seminal vesicles to 5-hydroxyprostaglandin I 1 alpha and 5-hydroxyprostaglandin I 1 beta, 5(6)epoxyprostaglandin E1 and 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin E1. The epoxide can be hydrolyzed by epoxide hydrolases to 5,6-dihydroxy-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid. The latter was incubated with microsomes of ram seminal vesicles for 2 min at 37 degrees C and the polar metabolites were purified by reversed phase HPLC and analyzed by capillary column gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major metabolite was identified as 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin F 1 alpha. In the presence of glutathione (1 mM), 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin E1 was also formed. The 3H-labelled vicinal diol and the 3H-labelled epoxide were metabolized to polar products to a similar extent, but the formation of prostaglandin E compounds in the presence of glutathione was lower from the diol than from the epoxide or from arachidonic acid. The likely prostaglandin endoperoxide intermediates in the metabolism of the diol (5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin G1 and 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin H1) thus appear to be less prone to be isomerized to prostaglandin E compounds than prostaglandins G2 and H2 and their 5(6)epoxy counterparts. 5(6)Epoxyprostaglandin E1 and 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin E1 can be chemically transformed into 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin B1. The latter can be analyzed by HPLC or by mass fragmentography, and a simple chemical synthesis of 5,6-dihydroxyprostaglandin B1 from prostaglandin E2 is described.

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