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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Jul 25;774(2):221-6.

Interaction of dolichol and dolichyl phosphate with phospholipid bilayers.


The thermotropic phase transition of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles reconstituted with dolichol or dolichyl phosphate was investigated as a function of the lipid-to-polyisoprenoid ratio by means of differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence depolarization of the embedded probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene. At the concentrations studied, dolichol and dolichyl phosphate lowered and broadened the transition temperature of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine bilayers. Dolichol was found to increase the motional freedom of the bilayer both below and above the transition temperature as determined by fluorescence depolarization. In contrast, low concentrations of dolichyl phosphate decreased the bilayer motional freedom below the transition temperature while high concentrations increased the motional freedom. Above the transition temperature, dolichyl phosphate decreased bilayer 'fluidity' at all concentrations. The data suggest that these polyisoprenoids perturb the bilayer lattice, with the neutral species dolichol increasing membrane 'fluidity', while dolichyl phosphate acts to 'stiffen' the membrane.

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