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Am J Hum Genet. 1984 May;36(3):527-33.

The PKU locus in man is on chromosome 12.

Abstract

Classical phenylketonuria (PKU) is a typical example of inborn errors in metabolism and is characterized by a complete lack of the hepatic enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which normally converts phenylalanine to tyrosine. The genetic disorder causes impairment of postnatal brain development, resulting in severe mental retardation in untreated children. The disease is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and has a collective prevalence of about one in 10,000 among Caucasians, so that 2% of the population are carriers of the PKU trait. We have recently reported the cloning of human phenylalanine hydroxylase cDNA and that the human chromosomal phenylalanine hydroxylase gene is encoded by a unique DNA sequence. Using the human phenylalanine hydroxylase cDNA clone to analyze a clonal human/mouse hybrid cell panel by Southern hybridization, the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene has been assigned to human chromosome 12. Since the hypothesis that classical PKU is caused by structural mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene itself rather than through some transregulatory mechanisms has recently been confirmed by gene mapping, the PKU locus in man is determined to be on chromosome 12.

PMID:
6547271
PMCID:
PMC1684467
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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