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Biochemistry. 1984 Nov 20;23(24):5813-21.

Ontogenesis of physiological responsiveness and guanine nucleotide sensitivity of cardiac muscarinic receptors during chick embryonic development.


Atria isolated from 4-day chick embryos were much less responsive to the negative chronotropic effect of muscarinic agonists than were atria from 5- or 8-day embryos, even though the density of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) was similar at all these ages. The mAChR in hearts from 4-day embryos were also significantly less susceptible to regulation of receptor number by in vivo agonist treatment and required a 2-5-fold greater dose of the muscarinic agonist carbachol to achieve a decrease in receptor number equivalent to that observed in 5- or 8-day embryonic hearts. When 4-day atrial membranes were assayed in physiological buffers, agonist binding to the mAChR was not regulated by GTP unless a sulfhydryl reducing agent was present. Receptors from 5- and 8-day embryos did not require addition of a sulfhydryl reducing agent in order to see guanine nucleotide effects on agonist binding. Even in the presence of a sulfhydryl reducing agent, carbachol binding to the mAChR in 4-day membranes was much less sensitive to guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (GppNHp) than binding to mAChR in 5- or 8-day membranes. In addition, forskolin-activated adenylate cyclase activity was much less sensitive to inhibition by GppNHp in membranes from 4-day atria than from 5- and 8-day atria. The GTP-binding component (NI) which couples the mAChR to inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity was examined by covalent modification with pertussis toxin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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