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Am J Cardiol. 1984 Oct 1;54(7):802-10.

Amiodarone for long-term management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.


Fifty-three patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who had serious arrhythmias (45 patients), refractory chest pain (5 patients) or a high risk of sudden death (3 patients) received amiodarone for 6 to 96 months (median 18) after completion of a loading and an initial maintenance period. The dose of amiodarone was altered by 50 to 200 mg/day at 3- to 6-month intervals, guided by electrocardiographic monitoring, plasma drug level measurements and side-effect questionnaires. Ventricular tachycardia was suppressed in 24 patients (92%) with doses of 100 to 400 mg/day (median 300); none died suddenly during a mean follow-up of 27 months. Although symptomatic episodes of frequent or prolonged supraventricular tachycardia or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter were abolished in 8 of 9 patients on 100 to 600 mg/day (median 300), in 1 patient incessant atrial flutter developed that was relatively refractory to direct-current cardioversion. In 11 patients with atrial fibrillation, sinus rhythm was restored in 7 (after direct-current cardioversion in 3) with doses of 100 to 600 mg/day (median 300) and has been maintained in 5 with associated improvement in symptoms. Despite discontinuation of beta-blocker therapy, chest pain was unchanged in 17 patients, was impaired in 11 and was worse in only 2. Amiodarone was discontinued in 3 patients; in 1 because of hair loss, in 1 because of neurologic symptoms and in 1 because of facial discoloration; in the latter 2 patients, amiodarone was restarted after 1 and 14 months, and was tolerated and effective at the lower dosage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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