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EMBO J. 1984 Jan;3(1):147-52.

Four secretory proteins synthesized by hepatocytes are transported from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi complex at different rates.


Pulse-chase experiments in conjunction with subcellular fractionation and quantitative immunoprecipitation have been used to study the intracellular transport of four secretory proteins, albumin, transferrin, prealbumin and retinol-binding protein, in isolated rat hepatocytes. The proteins were found to be transported from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi complex (GC) at greatly different rates (t1/2 = 14-137 min), indicating that transport of secretory proteins between these organelles is effected by a selective, possibly receptor-mediated process and not through bulk phase transfers. The transport from the Golgi complex to the medium was rapid for all proteins (t1/2 approximately 15 min) and possibly occurred at the same rate. Consistent with these kinetic data, the amount of a rapidly transported protein (albumin) in the GC fraction was found to be high (relative to its amount in the ER fraction) whereas the amount of a slowly transported protein (transferrin) in the GC fraction was found to be low, as determined by radioimmunoassays.

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