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Health Psychol. 1984;3(1):15-26.

Desirability of control versus locus of control: relationship to paralinguistics in the type A interview.


David Glass has suggested that need for control is an important dimension underlying the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern. However, this hypothesis has never been directly tested. Findings from the present study supported the hypothesis by showing a significant relationship between measures of desire for control and the Type A pattern as assessed by both the structured interview and questionnaire methods, and with Type A voice stylistics. In contrast, locus of control scores correlated only with the questionnaire-based measure of Type A, and were unrelated to desire for control scores, interview-defined Type A, and Type A noncontent speech characteristics. Some evidence suggests the hypothesis that autonomic nervous system arousal can create psychological discomfort that may serve to increase both need for control and Type A vocal stylistics. In addition, such vocal mannerisms may actually facilitate control of the social environment. Evidence implicating genetic factors in these processes is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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