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Virus Res. 1984;1(5):415-26.

The carboxyterminus of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase of Newcastle disease virus is exposed at the surface of the viral envelope.


The amino-terminal and the carboxy-terminal amino acids of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein of the Ulster strain of Newcastle disease virus have been analyzed before and after proteolytic activation of the precursor HNo (Mr approximately 82K). The amino termini of HNo and of the large cleavage fragment HN (approximately 74K) obtained by in vivo and in vitro proteolysis could not be sequenced by Edman degradation. This indicates that in both instances the amino termini are blocked. The carboxy termini of HNo and HN are different as demonstrated by end-point digestion with carboxypeptidase A. Furthermore, a small cleavage fragment (approximately 9K) of HNo that was removed from the virion after trypsin treatment could be purified by HPLC. In contrast to HN, this fragment displays a free amino terminus susceptible to Edman degradation. These data indicate that conversion of HNo involves removal of a 9K glycopeptide from the carboxy-terminal end. Thus, it has to be concluded that, unlike most other viral glycoproteins, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase is inserted in the envelope with its carboxy terminus exposed at the surface of the virus particle.

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