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J Biochem. 1984 Nov;96(5):1501-9.

Utilizations of various uridine 5'-triphosphate analogues by DNA-dependent RNA polymerases I and II purified from liver nuclei of the cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou).


Various 5-substituted UTPs (methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, fluoro, chloro, bromo, and iodo) and sulfur-containing UTP analogues (4-thio-, 2-thio-, 5-methyl-2-thio-, and 5-methyl-4-thio-) were synthesized chemically and their utilization by DNA-dependent-RNA polymerases I and II of the cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) were studied in substitution experiments under the condition of limited RNA synthesis in vitro. RNA polymerase I utilized the 5-methyl-, chloro, bromo, and iodo derivatives of UTP more efficiently than unmodified UTP, but RNA polymerase II utilized UTP most efficiently. 5-Methyl-4-thiouridine 5'-triphosphate (4-thio TTP) was utilized more efficiently than UTP by RNA polymerase I. On the other hand, it was found that 4-thio TTP was a selective substrate for RNA polymerase I and that its incorporation by RNA polymerase II was very slow. Thus recognition of UTP analogues as substrates by RNA polymerase I and II was different. These observation were attributed from kinetic analyses to differences in catalytic activity (Vmax).

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