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Biochemistry. 1984 Nov 20;23(24):5801-12.

Sequence variation in heparin octasaccharides with high affinity for antithrombin III.


We have isolated from nitrous acid cleavage products of heparin two major octasaccharide fragments which bind with high affinity to human antithrombin. Octasaccharide S, with the predominant structure iduronic acid----N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-sulfate----glucuronic acid-----N-sulfated glucosamine 3,6-di-O-sulfate----iduronic acid 2-O-sulfate----N-sulfated glucosamine 6-O-sulfate----iduronic acid 2-O-sulfate----anhydromannitol 6-O-sulfate, is sensitive to cleavage by Flavobacterium heparinase as well as platelet heparitinase and binds to antithrombin with a dissociation constant of (5-15) X 10(-8) M. Octasaccharide R, with the predominant structure iduronic acid 2-O-sulfate----N-sulfated glucosamine 6-O-sulfate----iduronic acid----N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-sulfate----glucuronic acid----N-sulfated glucosamine 3,6-di-O-sulfate----iduronic acid 2-O-sulfate----anhydromannitol 6-O-sulfate, is resistant to degradation by both enzymes and binds antithrombin with a dissociation constant of (4-18) X 10(-7) M. The occurrence of a 15-17% replacement of N-sulfated glucosamine 3,6-di-O-sulfate with N-sulfated glucosamine 3-O-sulfate and a 10-12% replacement of iduronic acid with glucuronic acid in both octasaccharides indicates that these substitutions have little or no effect on the binding of the oligosaccharides to the protease inhibitor. When bound to antithrombin, both octasaccharides produce a 40% enhancement in the intrinsic fluorescence of the protease inhibitor and a rate of human factor Xa inhibition of 5 X 10(5) M-1 s-1 as monitored by stopped-flow fluorometry. This suggests that the conformation of antithrombin in the region of the factor Xa binding site is similar when the protease inhibitor is complexed with either octasaccharide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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